Scoliosis is an abnormal curve of the spine. The curve can vary in location and severity. The causes of scoliosis are unknown. While most common in young women ages 9 to 15, presenting as an S-shaped curve of the spine, there are many types of scoliosis that can affect others age groups as well.
+ Scoliosis before birth: Congenital Scoliosis
+ Scoliosis in young children: Early Onset Scoliosis
+ Scoliosis in older children/teenagers: Adolescent/Idiopathic Scoliosis
+ Scoliosis in Adults: Degenerative Scoliosis
There are different types of scoliosis curvatures such as kyphoscoliosis (outward and lateral spine curvature), dextroscoliosis (curvature of the spine to the right), rotoscoliosis (curvature of the vertebral column on the axis), levoconvex (curvature of the spine to the left), and thoracolumbar (curvature in both thoracic and lumbar regions).
Some patients with scoliosis may be asymptomatic (no painful symptoms), and others may have chronic back pain and/or symptoms such as leg pain or numbness due to nerve compression as a result of the scoliosis. These symptoms can affect your activities of daily living.
Treatment depends on the type, severity and location of the curve and can range from observation and/or brace to surgery. Patients with Degenerative Scoliosis in the thoracolumbar region with pain radiating to their legs may be a candidate for lumbar fusion (an operation that results in vertebrae in the lower back to grow together, reducing pressure on nerves). Given the intricacies of the surgery, it may be performed by an orthopedic spine surgeon or a neurosurgeon. While there is no cure for scoliosis, treatment can reduce symptoms and prognosis is good, particularly if diagnosed and treated early.
Interested in learning more or seeking treatment for back pain, a spine doctor at Miami Back and Neck Specialists can support you in taking next steps in protecting your back and minimizing any pain. Contact us at 305-901-1511 or BackDoctorMiami.com today for a free evaluation with a board-certified specialist and develop your individualized plan.